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原因: 请提供模板的第一个位置参数以概括原因。 (在Talk:Redshift讨论)

来自 Redshift project web page:

Redshift 会根据你的周围环境调节屏幕色温,如果你晚上在屏幕前工作,这可能帮助你减少对眼睛的伤害。 这个程序启发于 f.lux
注意: Redshift 不支持 Wayland 因为它无法调节色温 [1]。查看 Backlight#Wayland 了解更多。

安装[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

安装 redshift 包。或者安装 redshift-minimalAUR 包(最小依赖版本)。

前端[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

redshift-gtk 命令 来自 redshift 包 提供托盘图标用于控制 Redshift。 请参阅可选的依赖。

另外,也可以使用这些前端 redshiftgui-binAUR (GTK) 和 redshift-qtAUR, redshiftconfAUR 或者 和 plasma5-applets-redshift-control-gitAUR (Qt)。

使用[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Redshift 需要你的位置才能开始运行 (除非使用 -O 选项),即需要你所在位置的经纬度。Redshift 使用一些程序获得你的位置。如果这些程序不工作 (比如这些程序都没有安装), 你需要手动输入你的位置。

快速开始[编辑 | 编辑源代码]



LATITUDE 为所在位置的维度 , LONGITUDE 为所在位置的经度。


$ redshift -P -O TEMPERATURE

TEMPERATURE 为期望的色温值 (介于 100025000 之间)。

自动启动[编辑 | 编辑源代码]


  • 鼠标右键点击托盘图标选择 Autostartredshift-gtk 或者 plasma5-applets-redshift-control 已经启动的时候。
  • 放置 Redshift Desktop entry~/.config/autostart/ 或通过添加 redshift 到你的窗口管理器或者桌面环境的 Autostarting 方法中。
  • 使用 Systemd/User。 软件提供了两个 srvices: redshift.serviceredshift-gtk.service。激活哪一个服务取决于你是否想要显示系统托盘图表。
  • The Redshift service files contain Restart=always so they will restart infinitely. See systemd.service(5).
  • When using a systemd user service, Xorg must be started before execution of the service, which is not the case without a Display manager. Otherwise you will get RANDR Query Version' returned error -1 and Initialization of randr failed.

配置[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Redshift 会读取配置文件 ~/.config/redshift/redshift.conf [2] (如果该文件存在的话)。 然而,Redshift 不会自动创建这个文件, 因此你可能需要手动创建它。配置文件示例:redshift.conf.sample

Automatic location based on GeoClue2[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

In order to allow access Redshift to use GeoClue2, add the following lines to /etc/geoclue/geoclue.conf:


Restart redshift.service and/or any other Redshift instance to apply the changes.

  • This workaround is not needed with Geoclue2 version 2.5.0 and above.
  • If using GNOME, also toggle Location Services to "On" in Settings > Privacy.
  • Due possible bugs with geoclue2 and Redshift [3], it may be required to use the manual location-provider instead, e.g. for Paris:
; Set the location-provider: 'geoclue2', 'manual'
; type 'redshift -l list' to see possible values.
; The location provider settings are in a different section.


; Keep in mind that longitudes west of Greenwich (e.g. the Americas)
; are negative numbers.
  • If using i3wm or similar, you will also need to enable the geoclue agent on startup. As well as systemctl --user enable redshift-gtk or redshift user service.
exec --no-startup-id /usr/lib/geoclue-2.0/demos/agent

Automatic location based on GPS[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

You can also use gpsd to automatically determine your GPS location and use it as an input for Redshift. Create the following script and pass $lat and $lon to redshift -l $lat;$lon:

#gpsdata=$( gpspipe -w -n 10 |   grep -m 1 lon )
gpsdata=$( gpspipe -w | grep -m 1 TPV )
lat=$( echo "$gpsdata"  | jsawk 'return' )
lon=$( echo "$gpsdata"  | jsawk 'return this.lon' )
alt=$( echo "$gpsdata"  | jsawk 'return this.alt' )
dt=$( echo "$gpsdata" | jsawk 'return this.time' )
echo "$dt"
echo "You are here: $lat, $lon at $alt"

For more information, see this forums thread.

Use real screen brightness[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Redshift has a brightness adjustment setting, but it does not work the way most people might expect. In fact it is a fake brightness adjustment obtained by manipulating the gamma ramps, which means that it does not reduce the backlight of the screen. [4]

Changing screen backlight is possible with redshift hooks and xorg-xrandr and xorg-xbacklight but, please see Backlight#xbacklight as there are some limitations and you may have to find another method of controlling the backlight depending on your hardware.

You need to create a file in ~/.config/redshift/hooks and make it executable. You can use and edit the following example:

$ mkdir -p ~/.config/redshift/hooks

Create and adjust the following script:


# Set brightness via xbrightness when redshift status changes

# Set brightness values for each status.
# Range from 1 to 100 is valid
# Set fade time for changes to one minute

if [ "$1" = period-changed ]; then
	case $3 in
			xbacklight -set $brightness_night -time $fade_time
			xbacklight -set $brightness_transition -time $fade_time
			xbacklight -set $brightness_day -time $fade_time

Make it executable:

$ chmod +x ~/.config/redshift/hooks/

Restart the redshift.service to apply changes.

Check the service status as it should not contain the following message:

redshift[..]: No outputs have backlight property

疑难解答[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Screen 1 could not be found[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

修改配置文件 "redshift.conf" 将 "screen 1" 改为 "screen 0"。

点击托盘图表不工作[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

安装 libappindicator-gtk3。 请看 redshift issue 363 and FS#49971.

Redshift 让屏幕在设置的色温值和默认的色温值之间快速闪烁[编辑 | 编辑源代码]


Redshift 使用命令启动时可以工作 但是以 systemd service 启动失败[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

systemd unit 有一行在 redshift.service 文件中,要求必须在display-manager.service unit 被一个显示管理器 display manager 启动后才能启动。 如果你不使用显示管理器, 编辑 redshift.service 用户服务文件删除 After=display-manager.service 行. 运行 systemctl --user daemon-reload 后服务应该会正确初始化。

Redshift temporarily resets using some wine apps that reset gamma values[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

If you notice that using some wine apps, redshift seems to reset temporarily upon launch, or adjusting settings, or etc, then there is a useful registry key that seems to alleviate this. See [5] and [6]. Set or create the string value

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Wine\X11 Driver

using the registry editor, or import/set it otherwise.

Redshift GDBus.Error:org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.AccessDenied on start[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

If running $ redshift and you are getting:

$ redshift
Trying location provider `geoclue2'...
Using provider `geoclue2'.
Unable to start GeoClue client: GDBus.Error:org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.AccessDenied: 'redshift' disallowed, no agent for UID 1000.
Unable to connect to GeoClue.
Unable to get location from provider.

or running $ redshift-gtk and getting the similar error:

$ redshift-gtk
Failed to run Redshift
Trying location provider `geoclue2'...
Unable to start GeoClue client:
'redshift' disallowed, no agent for UID 1000.
Unable to connect to GeoClue.
Unable to get location from provider.

You can create a systemd unit file in ~/.config/systemd/user/geoclue-agent.service with the following config:

Description=redshift needs to get a (geo)clue



Start and enable the service with systemctl: $ systemctl --user enable --now geoclue-agent.service and try running redshift again.

If you still get the same error, it may be because of geoclue being locked down to a few programs by default. Try adding the following lines to /etc/geoclue/geoclue.conf (see redshift issue 158 and FS#40360) and run $ redshift again:


参见[编辑 | 编辑源代码]