OpenTTD

来自 Arch Linux 中文维基

OpenTTD 是流行的 DOS 游戏 Transport Tycoon Deluxe 的自由开源重新实现。您是运输公司的所有者,您必须多年来对其进行管理才能获利。

安装[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

安装 openttd 包。

如果您没有原版游戏,openttd-opengfxopenttd-opensfx 包含免费图形和声音。

此外,你还可以安装 openttd-openmsxAUR 来获取免费的 OpenMSX 音乐包。请务必阅读 Timidity#配置 以正确设置 Timidity,尤其是将自己添加到音频组,并配置 Timidity 使用 Freepats SoundFont。

Transport Tycoon Deluxe 原始数据(可选)[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

OpenTTD 可以使用原始 Windows/DOS 版本的 Transport Tycoon Deluxe 的非自由图形和声音数据。

注意: 虽然您可以从 DOS 或 Windows 版本的游戏中转存文件,但只有 Windows 版本才提供原始音乐。

您可以从游戏光盘、现有安装文件中获取这些文件,也可以从 Abandonia 免费提供的游戏安装存档中获取。

要使用原始图形和音效,请将以下文件复制到 /usr/share/openttd/data/~/.openttd/baseset

  • Windows : trg1r.grf, trgcr.grf, trghr.grf, trgir.grf, trgtr.grf
  • DOS : TRG1.GRF, TRGC.GRF, TRGH.GRF, TRGI.GRF, TRGT.GRF
  • sample.cat from either version

如果是原始配乐,请将原始 TTD 游戏目录下 gm 文件夹中的文件复制到 ~/.openttd/gm 中。

教程[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

游戏一开始可能会让人一头雾水。 这里的中文维基和这里的英文维基上有很好的教程。

对于游戏内的教程,我们已经实现了一个游戏脚本。 只需使用游戏内的下载管理器下载 '新手教程',然后加载 '新手教程' 场景即可。

Configuration[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

本文内容或本节内容已经过期。

原因: According to https://wiki.openttd.org/en/Archive/Manual/Settings/Advanced%20Settings the settings have been substantially re-organised (在Talk:OpenTTD讨论)

The OpenTTD main configuration file is located at ~/.openttd/openttd.cfg and is automatically created upon first startup.

Various settings in the configuration file can be edited with buttons on the main menu. Each button is explained below.

Game Options[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

This window allows you to set options which will be used by default at the start of a new game.

注意: Settings will not be updated for games which have already been started. The options can still be changed in-game.

You can also set the default graphics, sound, and music here.

Difficulty[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

This window allows you to change the difficulty of the game, and specific options about them. You can either use the difficulty presets by selecting the difficulty buttons at the top of the window, or set custom options.

More information can be found here[失效链接 2021-05-17 ⓘ].

Advanced Settings[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

In this window, nearly all the other settings in the configuration file can be modified. All the options are grouped in expandable sections. You can also search for the setting to be changed using the search utility.

Details about these settings can be found here[失效链接 2021-05-17 ⓘ].

AI/Game Script Settings[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

This window allows you to customize various options relating to artificial intelligence (bots or CPU players) and Game Scripts.

Game Scripts are a goal-based scripts which can perform many in-game actions to enhance or extend the game.

Detailed information about this window can be found here[失效链接 2021-05-17 ⓘ].

Multiplayer[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Client[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Players can join a server using the Multiplayer menu. In multiplayer, fast forwarding, pausing by the player and cheats are disabled.

All problems with a server should resolve the administrator of the server and are usually not a bug, just a misconfiguration on the server.

Server[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

You can start the server by passing the -D argument, e.g.:

# openttd -D 0.0.0.0:3979

This starts the server and accepts additional commands. Configuration is generated and stored in ~/.config/openttd/openttd.cfg and is read every time the server starts. It can be overriden with commands issued directly to the server while running. Some settings cannot be changed during a game.

You can either create a Systemd service to run on background, or use screen.

To make your server publicly available, you need a public-facing server with all port forwardings set up properly. The default port is 3979.

Tips and tricks[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Heightmaps[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

OpenTTD allows using a grayscale image as a heightmap for landscape generation. There is an excellent heightmap generator available at terrain.party, based on real Earth terrain. Alternatively, you can use the botherAUR application, which can download larger areas and contains a number of options for fine-tuning the resulting heightmap (see the README for some notes on usage). You may further use gimp for fine-tuning the heightmap, especially useful are the Levels and Gaussian Blur tools.

Cheats[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

A cheat menu can be shown in a local game by pressing Ctrl+Alt+c.

Detailed information about cheats are available here

Multiplayer[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Always set a password for your own company to avoid others taking over. Some servers reset your password after some idle time.

Chat can be brought up with the t letter if the rail building menu is not open.

You can invest in other companies by buying shares (if enabled on server). You can later sell the shares for profit, or loss.

Troubleshooting[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Music is not playing[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

The soundtrack of the game is made of MIDI files. Therefore, you need a MIDI synthesizer to play them.

The game will automatically try to use TiMidity++ with no additional arguments. If for some reason you need/want to use another synthesizer, OpenTTD provides the "extmidi" music driver, which allows you to configure a command to be ran to play music.

警告:
  • When using the extmidi driver, the in-game volume control sliders are disabled and cannot be used to change the volume.
  • If the command you want to run is not included in $PATH, you must specify the absolute path.

Edit your openttd.cfg to configure extmidi :

~/.openttd/openttd.cfg
[misc]
musicdriver = "extmidi:cmd=<command>"
注意: You can also configure extmidi when starting up the game : openttd -m extmidi:cmd=<command>

However, extmidi does not allow additionnal arguments in the command. The solution is to use a wrapper script:

~/.openttd/playmidi
#!/bin/bash

#here, we want to use the FluidSynth synthesizer with the soundfont
#provided in soundfont-fluid and PulseAudio

trap "pkill fluidsynth" EXIT
fluidsynth -a pulseaudio -i /usr/share/soundfonts/FluidR3_GM2-2.sf2 $*

Mark it as executable.

Then you can specify the full path to the script as the command to be used with extmidi :

~/.openttd/openttd.cfg
[misc]
musicdriver = "extmidi:cmd=/home/<user>/.openttd/playmidi"

See also[编辑 | 编辑源代码]