来自 Arch Linux 中文维基


原因: 请提供模板的第一个位置参数以概括原因。 (在Talk:IOS讨论)


原因:Numerous style issues, see Help:Style(在Talk:IOS讨论)


附注: Not translated at all(在 Talk:IOS# 中讨论)

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the use of iDevices under Arch Linux.

Required Packages[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

To interact with iOS devices with thunar or GNOME Files, install gvfs-afc and usbmuxd. Remember restart X afterwards. Now iOS devices should show up in thunar or Files. Not tested with KDE file managers.

注意: All deps should get pulled down when installing gvfs-afc.

Changing iPod Mountpoint[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Traditional iPods are accessed just like a normal USB storage device containing a vfat file system (in rare cases hfsplus), and can be accessed as such. See the USB storage devices article for detailed instructions.

If udisks2 is running, it will mount an attached iPod to /run/media/$USER/iPod name (the older udisks will use /media/<iPod name>).

If the volume label of your iPod is long, or contains a mixture of spaces, and/or lower-case and capital letters, it may present an inconvenience. You may easily change the volume label for more expedient access using dosfslabel from the dosfstools package:

  • Get and confirm the current volume label:
# dosfslabel /dev/sdXY
  • Set the new volume label:
# dosfslabel /dev/sdXY ArchPod
  • Unmount the device:
$ udisksctl unmount -b /dev/sdXY
  • Mount it again:
$ udisksctl mount -b /dev/sdXY

where /dev/sdxx is the current device node of your iPod.

Importing videos and pictures[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Both videos and photos can be found in typically in <mountpoint>/DCIM/100APPLE.

HTML5 videos[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Typically you want to convert MOV files to a HTML5 video format like OGV using ffmpeg2theora. Note that the creation date metadata is not in the converted video, so you need to use a script like:


find -name "*.MOV" | while read mov
    d=$(gst-discoverer-0.10 -v $mov | awk '/datetime:/{print $2}' | tr -d \")
    if test -f $base.ogv
        touch -d${d} $base.ogv
        ls -l $base.ogv
        echo $base.ogv missing

And use cp -a or rsync -t in order to preserve the file's date & time.

Importing pictures and deleting them[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

You can move photos and videos out of <mountpoint>/DCIM/100APPLE, however you need to trigger a rebuild of the "Camera Roll" database by deleting the old databases.

# rm Photos*

Converting video for iPod[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Gen 5/5.5[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Handbrake[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Handbrake is a nifty tool with presets for a variety of iPod versions. CLI and GTK versions are available from pacman as handbrake-cli and handbrake respectively.

If you do decide to take the CLI way, a good guide is available at[失效链接 2020-08-02 ⓘ].

DVD to iPod[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Get from: podencoderAUR[损坏的链接:package not found]
Depends on: aur/gpac mplayer

Has detailed help, and is fairly self explanatory.

An alternative is to use a method suggested at DVD Ripping then use one of the programs listed below to convert that to an iPod-friendly format.

Video File to iPod[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Get from:[失效链接 2020-12-27 ⓘ]
Depends on: mplayer

This is a Ruby script to convert video files to an mp4 suitable for an iPod or iPhone.

More Advanced/Configurable Methods[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Avidemux[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Install avidemux-gtk[损坏的链接:replaced by avidemux-qt] or avidemux-qt from the official repositories.

This can convert to mp4 files. If you enforce a hard max of bit rate @ 700ish and keep the video size to 720x480 or 320x240 than it works fine for video file exporting.

Mencoder[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Install the mplayer package from the official repositories.

Has extremely comprehensive configuration support, which will be able to spit out iPod-compatible video files. Check out mencoder(1); a lot of MPlayer opts will also affect encoding.

A basic guide is also available at MEncoder.

An example command to encode iPhone/iPod Touch-compatible video:

mencoder INPUT -o output.mp4 \
-vf scale=480:-10,harddup \
-oac faac -faacopts mpeg=4:object=2:raw:br=128 \
-of lavf -lavfopts format=mp4 \
-ovc x264 -x264encopts nocabac:level_idc=30:bframes=0

FFMpeg[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Install the ffmpeg package from the official repositories.

Another encoder with comprehensive configuration support. Example command to encode for 5G iPod:

$ ffmpeg -vcodec xvid -b 300 -qmin 3 -qmax 5 -bufsize 4096 \
-g 300 -acodec aac -ab 96 -i INPUT -s 320x240 \
-aspect 4:3 output.mp4

or iPod Touch/iPhone compatible video output:

$ ffmpeg -f mp4 -vcodec mpeg4 -maxrate 1000 -b 700 -qmin 3 -qmax 5\
-bufsize 4096 -g 300 -acodec aac -ab 192 -s 480×320 -aspect 4:3 -i INPUT output.mp4

iPhone/iPod Touch[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Introduction[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

By default, neither the iPhone nor the iPod Touch present mass storage capability over USB, though there exist two solutions for accessing your files.

The first is to mount your device through the FUSE file system SSHFS. This requires jailbreaking, which can be done on any major OS using e.g. Absinthe for recent iOS versions. After jailbreaking, an SSH server will also need to be installed on the device, which can be done through the Cydia program, installed on the device during the jailbreak process.

The second is to use a FUSE file system called ifuse, which allows you to mount your device through USB, as you normally would. After installing ifuse, for instance, you should see your iPhone appear in the left navigation of Gnome Files and other supporting file managers. This method requires no hacking and is in general the better solution, though be aware that the software is still under heavy development. As of late, however, it has proven to be rather reliable and stable.

注意: The current releases of libgpod and gtkpodAUR support the iPod Touch and the iPhone OS 3.1.x up to iOS 4.3.x. It is possible to transfer pictures and music without limitations.

Refer to this page:[1]

Making Friends with the Device[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

The SSHFS Way[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

After this the easiest way to properly initialise a few things on the device's side is with the iPod convenience script. This is available in the AUR as ipod-convenienceAUR[损坏的链接:package not found]

Next do modprobe fuse to actually load the fuse module. You may also want to add it to your MODULES array in /etc/rc.conf to have it loaded on boot.

A few things may need changing in the script, depending on your setup. If you do not use sudo, replace:

sudo lsusb -v -d 05ac: | grep iSerial | awk '{print $3}' | cut -b1-16 | xargs printf "FirewireGuid: 0x%s" >> $MOUNTPOINT/iTunes_Control/Device/SysInfo


su -c "lsusb -v -d 05ac: | grep iSerial | awk '{print $3}' | cut -b1-16 | xargs printf \"FirewireGuid: 0x%s\" >> $MOUNTPOINT/iTunes_Control/Device/SysInfo"

in the file /usr/share/ipod-convenience/mount-umount. You may also need to replace:

PROCESS=`ssh root@$IPADDRESS ps x | grep MobileMusicPlayer | grep -v grep | awk '{print $1}'`


PROCESS=`ssh root@$IPADDRESS ps ax | grep MobileMusicPlayer | grep -v grep | awk '{print $1}'`

(I'm not sure under what circumstances this is necessary; it was on my iPod Touch running 2.2.1, and it will not have any adverse affect under other firmware version)

After that, edit the /etc/default/ipod-convenience file with details of your device's IP address, and create the mount point, which is /media/ipod by default (make sure to set the permissions correctly if you want it accessible by a regular user)

To actually mount the device, run ipod-touch-mount or iphone-mount (they both do exactly the same thing so it does not matter which). This should prompt for the root password of the device twice, which is 'alpine' by default in firmware versions 1.1 and up. This will need to be done every time you want to sync. (This can be done without having to type the password each time by using SSH keys - see Using SSH Keys for more information)

The iFuse Way[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

注意: If using an iPad/iPad2 that has a screen password, one must unlock the device to gain access through the USB interface.

You will need to install usbmuxd, libplist, libimobiledevice, ifuse. As libimobiledevice is required by ifuse and usbmuxd, you can pull in all four with:

# pacman -S ifuse usbmuxd libplist

Now make sure that you have the fuse module loaded by doing modprobe fuse, assuming that you do not have it in /etc/modules-load.d/ already.

You can now mount your device. Make sure it is unlocked before you plug it in, or it will not be recognized.

# ifuse <mountpoint>

The mountpoint field is where you want to have it mounted.

And you are done! You should be able to point your syncing software of choice to the mount point and be able to transfer files.

To unmount your device:

# umount <mountpoint>

Generating HashInfo file[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

If you have not previously synced your device using iTunes specifically, you will get error messages telling you that the HashInfo file is missing. This can be fixed by making an iTunes installation on MacOS or Windows create it (by plugging in the iPod there). Alternatively you can create this file yourself, instructions can be found on this website.

Unobfuscating the Database[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Since firmware version 2.0, Apple has obfuscated the music database. If you are using recent firmware, the file /System/Library/Lockdown/Checkpoint.xml can be modified to enable use of the older, non-obfuscated database. Replace:




Then reboot your device.

If syncing fails with "ERROR: Unsupported checksum type '0' in cbk file generation!", you may need to leave this at 4. libgpod seems to expect a hashed database.[失效链接 2020-08-02 ⓘ]

Syncing[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Use your favourite iPod-compatible program. Individual configuration will vary, but in general, pointing your program to your specified mount point should yield good results.

After you have synced, run ipod-touch-umount (or iphone-umount, depending on your taste) to unmount the SSHFS file system and restart the MobileMusicPlayer process on the device, so that the new music database is read.

If you used iFuse, simply type:

# umount <mountpoint>

You will still need to reload the MobileMusicPlayer process. If your device is not jailbroken, then you are stuck restarting it.

The iFuse Way - iPhone OS 3.x and 4.x[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Warning: this software is considered unstable and should probably not be used in a productive environment

Make sure you already installed base-devel, which contains several programs needed to compile your new components. If you did not, just run:

# pacman -S base-devel

which will install everything you will need.

You will need to install libplist, libimobiledevice, libgpod, usbmuxd and ifuse.

Now make sure that you have the fuse module loaded by doing modprobe fuse, assuming that you do not have it in /etc/rc.conf already. Check if the group "usbmux" has been created and add your user using

# gpasswd -a <user> usbmux

To make sure the new rules apply, execute

$ udevadm control --reload-rules

and plug in your iPod/iPhone.

Run as ROOT:

# usbmuxd

Now you should the be able to mount your device by running

$ ifuse ~/ipod

or similar. Make sure the directory used exists and is accessible to your user.

Mount the device and create the iTunes_Control/Device directory. Then, get your UUID. It should be in the syslog from usbmuxd, or you can find it by running

$ lsusb -v | egrep "iSerial.*[a-f0-9]{40}"

It should be 40 characters long. Then, run

$ ipod-read-sysinfo-extended <uuid> <mountpoint>. 

This should generate a file named iTunes_Control/Device/SysInfoExtended.

Now, start up your favourite app, it should detect the device via libgpod. I recommend using gtkpod-git for the time being, as that is what the libgpod developers seem to be using for debugging purposes.

注意: If gtkpod/gtkpod-git seems to work only from root/sudo while your user only gets the slash screen, you can delete your ~/.gtkpod folder and retry. Note that gtkpod will forget your preferences.

Rhythmbox[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Rhythmbox uses the Gnome Virtual File System to detect mobile devices. If using the iFuse way, gvfs-afc needs to be installed:

# pacman -S gvfs-afc

iPod Classic/Nano3g[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

You need to set up the iPod to make libgpod able to find its FireWire ID. For this, you will need to get your FireWire ID manually

1) Mount the iPod as a rw mount point. In the following example, I will use /mnt/ipod.

2 ) Find the serial number by typing

# lsusb -v | grep -i Serial 

this should print a 16 character long string like 00A1234567891231 (it will have no colons or hyphens)

3) Once you have that number, create or edit /mnt/ipod/iPod_Control/Device/SysInfo. Add to that file the line below:

  FirewireGuid: 0xffffffffffffffff

(replace ffffffffffffffff with the 16 digit string you obtained at the previous step and do not forget the leading 0x before the string)

Your iPod can now be managed with Amarok or gtkpod.

iPod Shuffle 1st and 2nd generation[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Due to the simple structure of the Shuffle (compared to the "big" iPods), it is possible to use the player almost like any other USB flash MP3 player. What is necessary is file stored in the iPod's root directory. Simply copy MP3 files onto the iPod Shuffle (sub-folders are allowed too) and run:

$ python2 /path/to/


iPod management apps[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  • Rhythmbox
    • GTK interface (GNOME)
    • Is part of the official GNOME projects.
    • Fast, light interface.
    • Manage music on your computer and iPod
    • Download or stream podcasts and video podcasts
    • Queue up songs and podcasts
    • integration
    • Live radio stations
    • Jamendo and Magnatune support
    • Audio CD burning
    • Album cover display
    • Song lyrics display
    • DAAP sharing
  • Banshee
    • GTK interface (GNOME)
    • Uses Mono so it is slower and more resource hogging than rhythmbox
    • Device Sync: Sync your music and videos to your Android, iPod, or other device - or import its media
    • Podcasts: Download or stream podcasts and video podcasts
    • Play Queue: Queue up songs, videos, and podcasts, or let the Auto DJ take over
    • Shuffle Modes: Shuffle (or Auto DJ) by artist, album, rating, or even songs' acoustic similarity
    • Album Art: Artwork is automatically fetched as you listen
    • Powerful Search, Smart Playlists: Find exactly what you want, fast
    • Video Support: All the power of Banshee, now for your videos
  • Yamipod
    • GTK interface (GNOME)
    • super lightweight application for managing ONLY music on your iPod (not on your computer)
    • easy ratings edit
    • PC to iPod synchronization
    • News RSS and podcasts to iPod upload
    • support
    • playlist support
  • gtkpod
    • GTK interface (GNOME)
    • Read your existing iTunesDB (i.e. import the existing contents of your iPod including play counts, ratings and on-the-go playlists).
    • Add MP3, WAV, M4A (non-protected AAC), M4B (audio book), podcasts, and various video files (single files, directories or existing playlists) to the **iPod. You need a third party product to download podcasts, like 'bashpodder' or 'gpodder'
    • View, add and modify Cover Art
    • Browse the contents of your local hard disk by album/artist/genre by adding all your songs to the 'local' database. From there the tracks can be **dragged over to the iPod/Shuffle easily.
    • Create and modify playlists, including smart playlists.
    • You can choose the charset the ID3 tags are encoded in from within gtkpod. The default is the charset currently used by your locale setting.
    • Extract tag information (artist, album, title...) from the filename if you supply a template.
    • Detect duplicates when adding songs (optional).
    • Remove and export tracks from your iPod.
    • Modify ID3 tags -- changes are also updated in the original file (optional).
    • Refresh ID3 tags from file (if you have changed the tags in the original file).
    • Sync directories.
    • Normalize the volume of your tracks (uses mp3gain or the replay-gain tag)
    • Write the updated iTunesDB and added songs to your iPod.
    • Work offline and synchronize your new playlists / songs with the iPod at a later time.
    • Export your korganizer/kaddressbook/Thunderbird/evocalendar/evolution/webcalendar... data to the iPod (scripts for other programs can be added).
  • qPod
    • KDE/qt interface
    • front-end for GNUpod
  • jakpod
    • JakPod is based on Java and allows you to copy music and video files to your iPod.
    • iPod Nano 6th support
    • jakpodAUR[损坏的链接:package not found]

See also[编辑 | 编辑源代码]